He was born August 1, , in La Spezia, Italy. For ten years young Director Ladri di biciclette. Vittorio De Sica grew up in Naples, and started out as an office clerk in order to raise money to support his poor family. He was increasingly drawn towards acting, and made his screen debut while still in his teens, joining a stage company in By the late s he was a successful matinee Actor Padre padrone. Omero Antonutti born 3 August is an Italian actor and dubber, appearing regularly in films and theatre performances.
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He was born at Basiliano, Friuli. Antonutti's most notable performance to date was in the Taviani brothers' acclaimed film "Padre Padrone". He is also regularly employed in He has been married to Nicoletta Braschi since Actor La tragedia di un uomo ridicolo. Despite his many superb performances accumulated over a 4-decade career and I do mean many , this virile, mustachioed, stocky-framed Italian character star will be forever cherished if only for his one classic comedy role, that of slightly mincing gay cabaret owner Renato Baldi in La Cage aux Actor Guardie e ladri.
His genre was undoubtedly the comedy where he achieved world fame. From he was an actor of the companies of the "comedia dell'arte" Actor Sleepers. Vittorio Gassman studied theatre in his youth and was quite a good basketball player. He debuted on stage in and soon felt home in all classical theatre works. Since he also worked at the movies and his first big role there was the criminal in Bitter Rice This fixed him to his Italian film-maker Dino Risi discovered him at a swimming meet and he She was the illegitimate child of Marina Magnani and an unknown father, often said to be from Alexandria, Egypt, but whom Anna herself claimed was from the Calabria region of Italy although she never Actor Per grazia ricevuta.
He was married to Erminia Ferrari Manfredi. He died on June 4, in Rome, Actress Flash Gordon. She died on January 11, in Rome, Lazio, Italy. Actress Una giornata particolare. Her father, Riccardo Scicolone, was married to another woman and refused to marry her mother, Romilda Villani, despite the fact that she was the mother of his two children Sophia and Actor Django Unchained.
Blue-eyed and well-built Italian actor in international cinema, Franco Nero, was a painting photographer when he was discovered as an actor by director John Huston. Actress Blue Velvet. Isabella Rossellini, the Italian actress and model who has made her home in America since and holds dual Italian and American citizenship, was born cinema royalty when she made her debut on June 18, in Rome.
She is the daughter of two legends, three-time Oscar-winning Swedish-born actress Actor I compagni. He was married to Annie Girardot. He died on March 27, in Rome, Lazio, Italy. Actor I vitelloni. One of Italy's most captivating and talented cinematic comedy stars, Italian veteran Alberto Sordi was known for satirizing his country's social mores in pungent black comedies, farcical tales and grim drama. Actor Letters to Juliet.
He has been married to Antonella Liguori since January 3, He was previously Actress L'avventura. She has been married to Roberto Russo since Actress Assunta Spina. Francesca Bertini was undoubtedly one of the first divas of cinema, a lady not only on screen but also in real life. She made her film debut in La dea del mare and after that producers fought for her services.
In she married European nobleman and banker Alfred Cartier. She tried her Actress C'era una volta il West. Like many other female Italian film stars, Claudia Cardinale's entry into the business was by way of a beauty pageant. She was 17 years old and studying at the Centro Sperimentale in Rome when she entered a beauty contest, which resulted in her getting a succession of small film roles.
Her earthy Fabrizi entered films in and often wrote and directed his vehicles, winning international acclaim in the Roberto Rossellini's neorealist drama Rome, Open City Actress Rain Man. The second child of an Italian germanist and a Greek painter, Valeria Golino grew up in Naples until her parents parted. Award-winning director Damon Gameau embarks on a journey to explore what the future would look like by the year if we simply embraced the best solutions already available to us to improve our planet and shifted them into the mainstream.
Structured as a visual letter to his Read more. Filmed over four days and across 4,km, The Indian Pacific is a slow TV documentary that explores the cultural, political and social history of Australia as train travels from Perth on the Indian Ocean to Sydney on the Pacific. We see how critical the train was to joining the e A story about life, love and loss on the Camino de Santiago, Camino Skies is an uplifting film about learning to live with grief. The inspirational journey of six pilgrims from NZ and Australia who embark on the historic kilometre Spanish pilgrimage.
In the face of overwhelmi Heart-breaking and inspirational, Camino Skies is an uplifting story about everyday people doing the extraordinary. Season two of Travelers picks up where season one left off, with FBI Special Agent Grant MacLaren and his team of time travelling specialists attempting to navigate their 21st century lives while tasked with the mission of saving the future from a dystopian existence.
The Travele Seasonal anthology series in which police investigations unearth the personal and professional secrets of those involved, both within and outside the law. Each figure takes a turn guiding viewers through the emotio Utilising some of the world's most respected Biblical scholars and historians, the series weaves together the canonical Gospels and cultural context to create a complete portrait of Jesus - the man and the Messiah. Its summer at Inviolata, an isolated rural estate, where an extended family of tobacco farmers toil under the rule of a domineering marchesa, and where the handsome and hard-working Lazzaro captivating newcomer Adriano Tardiolo , a young man imbued with a saint-like innocence, i When the marchesas self-absorbed son, Tancredi Luca Chikovani first visits the fields, he senses an opportunity, and embroils Lazzaro in an audacious plan that spirals out of control and throws the estate into a complicated chaos that takes everybody by surprise.
The result is a brutal genre picture that also evokes contemporary anxieties about what was often spoken of simply as the Bomb. The fear of nuclear war with the Soviet Union, along with less expressible qualms about radioactive fallout from America's own atomic tests, energized many of the era's genre films. Science fiction, horror, and various hybrids of the two were now of central economic importance to the low-budget end of the business.
Other critics disagree, Peter Bondanella argues that "any critic of La Dolce Vita not mesmerized by the magic number seven will find it almost impossible to organize the numerous sequences on a strictly numerological basis". The parallel practice of blind bidding largely freed the majors from worrying about their Bs' quality—even when booking in less than seasonal blocks, exhibitors had to buy most pictures sight unseen. As the Variety report suggests, recent technological advances greatly facilitate the production of truly low-budget motion pictures. The majors' "clearance" rules favoring their affiliated theaters prevented the independents' timely access to top-quality films; the second feature allowed them to promote quantity instead. Asian martial arts films began appearing as imports regularly during the s. Meic y Marchog Cyfres gartwn am farchog bach sydd angen dysgu nifer o wersi pwysig! New Line, in its first decade, had been almost exclusively a distributor of low-budget independent and foreign genre pictures.
Most down-market films of the type—like many of those produced by William Alland at Universal such as Creature from the Black Lagoon and Sam Katzman at Columbia including It Came from Beneath the Sea —provided little more than thrills, though their special effects could be impressive. Director Don Siegel 's Invasion of the Body Snatchers , released by Allied Artists, treats conformist pressures and the evil of banality in haunting, allegorical fashion. Gordon , is both a monster movie that happens to depict the horrific effects of radiation exposure and "a ferocious cold-war fable [that] spins Korea , the army's obsessive secrecy, and America's post-war growth into one fantastic whole".
The Amazing Colossal Man was released by a new company whose name was much bigger than its budgets. Nicholson and Samuel Z. American International helped keep the original-release double bill alive through paired packages of its films: these movies were low-budget, but instead of a flat rate, they were rented out on a percentage basis, like A films. David Cook credits AIP with leading the way "in demographic exploitation , target marketing , and saturation booking, all of which would become standard procedure for the majors in planning and releasing their mass-market 'event' films" by the late s.
In , a young filmmaker named Roger Corman received his first screen credits as writer and associate producer of Allied Artists' Highway Dragnet. Corman would go on to direct over fifty feature films through As of , he remained active as a producer, with more than movies to his credit. Often referred to as the "King of the Bs", Corman has said that "to my way of thinking, I never made a 'B' movie in my life", as the traditional B movie was dying out when he began making pictures.
He prefers to describe his metier as "low-budget exploitation films". In the late s, William Castle became known as the great innovator of the B movie publicity gimmick. The creature feature The Tingler featured Castle's most famous gimmick, Percepto: at the film's climax, buzzers attached to select theater seats would unexpectedly rattle a few audience members, prompting either appropriate screams or even more appropriate laughter.
The postwar drive-in theater boom was vital to the expanding independent B movie industry. In January , there were 96 drive-ins in the United States; a decade later, there were more than 3, The phenomenon of the drive-in movie became one of the defining symbols of American popular culture in the s. At the same time, many local television stations began showing B genre films in late-night slots, popularizing the notion of the midnight movie. Increasingly, American-made genre films were joined by foreign movies acquired at low cost and, where necessary, dubbed for the U.
In , distributor Joseph E. Levine financed the shooting of new footage with American actor Raymond Burr that was edited into the Japanese sci-fi horror film Godzilla. In , Levine's Embassy Pictures bought the worldwide rights to Hercules , a cheaply made Italian movie starring American-born bodybuilder Steve Reeves. Just as valuable to the bottom line, it was even more successful overseas.
The AIP-style dual genre package was the new model. In July , the latest Joseph E. Levine sword-and-sandals import, Hercules Unchained , opened at neighborhood theaters in New York. It was clearly an A film by the standards of both director and studio, with the longest shooting schedule and biggest budget Corman had ever enjoyed. With the loosening of industry censorship constraints , the s saw a major expansion in the commercial viability of a variety of B movie subgenres that became known collectively as exploitation films.
The combination of intensive and gimmick-laden publicity with movies featuring vulgar subject matter and often outrageous imagery dated back decades—the term had originally defined truly fringe productions, made at the lowest depths of Poverty Row or entirely outside the Hollywood system.
Many graphically depicted the wages of sin in the context of promoting prudent lifestyle choices, particularly " sexual hygiene ". Audiences might see explicit footage of anything from a live birth to a ritual circumcision.
With the majors having exited traditional B production and exploitation-style promotion becoming standard practice at the lower end of the industry, "exploitation" became a way to refer to the entire field of low-budget genre films. Exploitation movies in the original sense continued to appear: 's Damaged Goods , a cautionary tale about a young lady whose boyfriend's promiscuity leads to venereal disease , comes complete with enormous, grotesque closeups of VD's physical effects. Best known was Russ Meyer , who released his first successful narrative nudie, the comic Immoral Mr.
Teas , in Five years later, Meyer came out with his breakthrough film, Lorna , which combined sex, violence, and a dramatic storyline. Crafted for constant titillation but containing no nudity, it was aimed at the same "passion pit" drive-in circuit that screened AIP teen movies with wink-wink titles like Beach Blanket Bingo and How to Stuff a Wild Bikini , starring Annette Funicello and Frankie Avalon. One of the most influential films of the era, on Bs and beyond, was Paramount's Psycho.
And, as William Paul notes, this move into the horror genre by respected director Alfred Hitchcock was made, "significantly, with the lowest-budgeted film of his American career and the least glamorous stars. Lewis's business partner David F. Friedman drummed up publicity by distributing vomit bags to theatergoers—the sort of gimmick Castle had mastered—and arranging for an injunction against the film in Sarasota, Florida—the sort of problem exploitation films had long run up against, except Friedman had planned it.
Imports of Hammer Film's increasingly explicit horror movies and Italian gialli , highly stylized pictures mixing sexploitation and ultraviolence, would fuel this trend. The Production Code was officially scrapped in , to be replaced by the first version of the modern rating system. One was a high-budget Paramount production, directed by the celebrated Roman Polanski.
Produced by B horror veteran William Castle, Rosemary's Baby was the first upscale Hollywood picture in the genre in three decades. Building on the achievement of B genre predecessors like Invasion of the Body Snatchers in its subtextual exploration of social and political issues, it doubled as a highly effective thriller and an incisive allegory for both the Vietnam War and domestic racial conflicts. In this transformed commercial context, work like Russ Meyer's gained a new legitimacy.
In May , the most important exploitation movie of the era premiered at the Cannes Film Festival. The project was first taken by one of its cocreators, Peter Fonda , to American International. The idea Fonda pitched would combine those two proven themes. AIP was intrigued but balked at giving his collaborator, Dennis Hopper , also a studio alumnus, free directorial rein.